4 Largest Companies In India By Market Capitalisation

India is a rapidly developing economy that boasts some of the world’s most valuable companies, spanning various sectors such as technology, finance, and consumer goods. These companies have contributed significantly to India’s economic growth. In this article, we’ll present the list of India’s top four largest companies based on market valuation, insights into their respective sectors, and market capitalisation. But before moving to that part, let’s first know about market capitalisation.

What Is Market Capitalisation?

Market capitalisation is determined by multiplying a company’s current market price per share by the number of shares outstanding. This provides insight into the total value of all a company’s shares of stock and is an important measure of a company’s size and success. Investors often consider a company’s market valuation when deciding whether to invest, as a high valuation typically indicates success and profitability. Conversely, a low valuation may suggest a company is struggling or operating in a less prosperous industry.

List Of the Top 4 Largest Companies In India

The following is a list of the largest corporations in India, which are also among the best companies to work for in India.


Rank And Company Name Sector Market Cap
1 Reliance Industries Oil Exploration and Production 1,704,997.08 crores
2 TATA Consultancy Services (TCS) Information Technology 1,244,681.21
3 HDFC Bank Banking 1,202,680.53
4 Infosys Information Technology 583,291.29

Reliance Industries

CEO: Mukesh Ambani

Year Of Foundation: 1958

The largest company in India by market capitalisation is Reliance Industries, a conglomerate holding company that operates in various sectors, such as energy, petrochemicals, textiles, natural resources, retail, and telecommunications. The impressive market valuation of Reliance Industries attests to its diverse operations and strong market presence. In August 2019, Reliance had lined up a deal worth $15 billion with oil giant Saudi Aramco, where Reliance sold an equity stake in its oil-to-chemicals division to Aramco. Unfortunately, the deal was put on hold in 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which was cited as one of the major reasons for this setback by both companies.

TATA Consultancy Services (TCS)

CEO: K. Krithivasan

Year Of Foundation: 1968

TCS is a Tata Group subsidiary specialising in the information technology sector. The company offers a range of IT services, consulting, and business solutions, which has propelled it to become the second-largest Indian company in market capitalization. This market valuation is a testament to TCS’s exceptional dominance in the IT sector. In the UK, TCS has partnered with the National Employment Savings Trust (NEST), helping clients plan and save for retirement using TCS ValueBPS. TCS has also collaborated with Marks & Spencer to enhance business operations and optimize growth.


CEO: Sashidhar Jagdishan

Year Of Foundation: 1977

HDFC Bank, the largest private bank in India, offers an extensive range of financial products and services for both retail and corporate banking. Its impressive market valuation is a testament to its strong financial performance and customer loyalty. The bank’s merger with its parent company, HDFC Ltd., on July 1, 2023, is expected to bring benefits for both shareholders and clients as the Indian economy continues to grow.


CEO: Sahil Parekh

Year Of Foundation: 1981

Infosys is a well-known global leader that assists clients from 46 countries in navigating digital transformation through its next-generation digital services and consulting. Its innovative solutions and worldwide presence are reflected in its market valuation. Infosys has recently partnered with global energy company BP in a $1.5 billion deal for end-to-end application services, which includes development, management, maintenance, and more. Moreover, Interestingly, Akshata Murthy, the wife of UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, is the daughter of Infosys co-founder NR Narayana Murthy and owns a 0.9 percent stake in the company.

Bottom Line

The top revenue-generating companies in the country showcase India’s diverse and thriving business landscape. This comprehensive list features companies operating across multiple sectors, such as banking, conglomerates, oil and gas, automobiles, and IT services. Their impressive earnings are a testament to their global competitiveness and significant economic impact on India.

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